Microbiology

Overview

The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in Microbiology is to provide an understanding of the natural history of infectious disease in order to deal with the etiology, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and control of infections in the community.

Objectives

Knowledge

At the end of the course, the student shall be able to:

  • State the infective microorganisms of the human body and describe the host parasite relationship.
  • List pathogenic microorganisms (Bacteria, Viruses, Parasites, Fungi) and describe the pathogenesis of the diseases produced by them.
  • State or indicate the modes of transmission of pathogenic and opportunistic organisms and their sources including insect vectors responsible for transmission of infection.
  • Describe the mechanism of immunity to infections
  • Acquire knowledge on suitable antimicrobial agents for treatment of infections and scope of immunotherapy and different vaccines available for prevention of communicable diseases.
  • Apply methods of disinfections and sterilizations to control and prevent hospital and community acquired infections.
  • Recommend laboratory investigations regarding bacteriological examinations of food, water, milk and air.

 

Skills

At the end of the course, the student shall be able to:

  • Plan and interpret laboratory investigations for the diagnosis of infectious diseases and to correlate the clinical manifestations with the etiological agents.
  • Identify the common infectious agents with the help of laboratory procedures and use antimicrobial sensitivity test to select suitable antimicrobial agents.
  • Perform commonly employed bedside tests for detection of infectious agents such as; blood film for Malaria, Filaria, Gram staining and Acid fast bacilli staining; and stool sample for ova, cyst, etc.
  • Use the correct method of collection, storage and transport of clinical material for microbiological investigations.

Integration
  • The student shall understand infectious diseases of national importance in relation to the clinical, therapeutic and preventive aspects.