Paediatrics

Overview

Paediatrics is taught in the undergraduate curriculum to enable the students to acquire requisite knowledge and skills for dealing with major childhood health problems and to be able to promote optimal growth and development in newborns and children.

Children constitute a major portion (40%) of the general population and this group, ranging from newborn to adolescence, comprise of a very wide spectrum of problems and requirements. Knowledge of Paediatrics equips the new medico to deal appropriately with this wide array of health conditions and problems in this most vulnerable population.

Paediatrics is not only care in illness but also health care and promotion. Dealing with children calls for a lot of empathy, good communication skills and social awareness. All this is integrated in the teaching of Paediatrics.

Our Paediatrics department caters to children right from newborn period upto 18 years. Our highly qualified and dedicated team of doctors give their best to provide state-of -the-art medical service to our little patients, with utmost sincerity and loving care. We provide out-patient services from 9am-5pm, where, along-with the general clinics we run speciality clinics like Neuro-development clinic, Paediatric Cardiology clinic, Asthma Clinic, High-risk Newborn Follow-up clinic and Well-baby clinics. Indoor services include general Paediatric ward, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and Neonatal Intensive Care UNIT (NICU).

This environment is very conducive for learning for the students where they get good clinical exposure as well as academic guidance.

Objectives

At the end of the course, the student is expected to acquire:

KNOWLEDGE in

(1) Normal growth and development during foetal life, neonatalperiod, childhood and adolescence and deviations thereof

(2) Common paediatric disorders and emergencies in terms of epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, rational therapy and rehabilitation

(3) Nutritional requirements in health and disease.

(4) Preventive strategies for common infectious disorders,malnutrition, genetic and metabolic disorders, poisonings, accidents and child abuse.

(5) National programmes relating to child health including immunization programmes.

 

SKILLS as

1) Take a detailed pediatric history, conduct an appropriate physical examination of children including neonates, make clinical diagnosis,conduct common bedside investigative procedures, interpret                common laboratory investigation results and plan and institute therapy.

(2) Take anthropometricmeasurements, resuscitate newborn infants atbirth, prepare oral rehydration solution,  perform tuberculin test,administer vaccines available under current national programs, perform venesection,        start an intravenous saline and provide nasogastric feeding.

(3) Conduct diagnostic procedures such as lumbar puncture, liver and kidney biopsy, bone marrow aspiration, pleural tap and ascitic tap. (4) Distinguish between normal newborn babies and those requiring special care and institute early care to all new born babies including careof preterm and low birth weight babies, provide correct guidance and counselling in breast feeding. (5)Provide ambulatory care to all sick children, identify indications for specialized/inpatient care and ensure timely referral of those who requirehospitalization.

 

Integration

The training in pediatrics should prepare the student to deliver preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative services for care of children both in the community and at hospital as part of a team in an integrated form with other disciplines, e.g. Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Forensic Medicine, Community Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation